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“Health Tips From the Professor”

Let the Professor and His Expert Panel Search the Literature to Bring You the Latest Health Updates

Steve and Suzanne Chaney

Steve and Suzanne Chaney

This blog is about your health and what you can do to improve it. The problem is not in finding health tips. There is an endless stream of health information on the Internet. The problem is in finding health tips that you can trust.

There are a lot of health information web sites created by companies and individuals who want to sell you something. Somehow the information they provide is all related to the products that they are selling. But is that information accurate? Is there really good scientific evidence that the products they are selling work?

There are health information blogs created by individuals who have had remarkable “cures” from some pretty devastating diseases. They are passionate about recommending what has helped them. But will it help you? Is there any scientific evidence that their recommendations actually work? Could it have been something else in their life that changed and gave them such remarkable results?

There are the health information blogs created by the sensationalists. These are often people with some pretty impressive credentials, but they prefer the sensational rather than a balanced interpretation of the science. They are the kind of people who “never let the facts get in the way of a good story”. When they say that “They are giving you the facts that ‘the establishment’ won’t tell you”, you need to ask what “the establishment” knows that these people aren’t telling you.

And there are the health information blogs created by the naysayers. These are the people who will tell you things like “vitamins will kill you”, “cholesterol isn’t bad for you”, and “it doesn’t matter how much you weigh”. You probably know that these pronouncements run counter to what the majority of health experts are saying, but they are confusing.

No wonder you are confused! That’s why I decided to create this blog. First, a bit about me (You’ll find more information about me when you click on “Experts”): I am Dr. Steve Chaney. I have a PhD in Biochemistry. I ran an active research program and taught Human Metabolism and Nutrition to medical and dental students for 40 years. I have published over 100 articles in peer reviewed scientific journals and I keep abreast of the latest scientific literature on holistic approaches to better health.

I created this blog because people like you need a place that they can rely on for up-to-date, scientifically accurate health information without hype or bias. I pledge to provide you with accurate health information based on the latest clinical studies. I will tell you about the strengths and weaknesses of each study and how the studies relate to you. I will also report on some of the more sensational and negative claims in the media in order to help restore balance to the discussion.

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Latest Article

High Protein Diets and Weight Loss

Posted October 16, 2018 by Dr. Steve Chaney

Do High Protein Diets Reduce Fat And Preserve Muscle?

Author: Dr. Stephen Chaney

Healthy Diet food group, proteins, include meat (chicken or turkAre high protein diets your secret to healthy weight loss? There are lots of diets out there – high fat, low fat, Paleolithic, blood type, exotic juices, magic pills and potions. But recently, high protein diets are getting a lot of press. The word is that they preserve muscle mass and preferentially decrease fat mass.

If high protein diets actually did that, it would be huge because:

  • It’s the fat – not the pounds – that causes most of the health problems.
  • Muscle burns more calories than fat, so preserving muscle mass helps keep your metabolic rate high without dangerous herbs or stimulants – and keeping your metabolic rate high helps prevent both the plateau and yo-yo (weight regain) characteristic of so many diets.
  • When you lose fat and retain muscle you are reshaping your body – and that’s why most people are dieting to begin with.

So let’s look more carefully at the recent study that has been generating all the headlines (Pasiakos et al, The FASEB Journal, 27: 3837-3847, 2013).

The Study Design:

This was a randomized control study with 39 young (21), healthy and fit men and women who were only borderline overweight (BMI = 25). These volunteers were put on a 21 day weight loss program in which calories were reduced by 30% and exercise was increased by 10%. They were divided into 3 groups:

  • One group was assigned a diet containing the RDA for protein (about 14% of calories in this study design).
  • The second group’s diet contained 2X the RDA for protein (28% of calories)
  • The third group’s diet contained 3X the RDA for protein (42% of calories)

In the RDA protein group carbohydrate was 56% of calories, and fat was 30% of calories. In the other two groups the carbohydrate and fat content of the diets was decreased proportionally.

Feet_On_ScaleWhat Did The Study Show?

  • Weight loss (7 pounds in 21 days) was the same on all 3 diets.
  • The high protein (28% and 42%) diets caused almost 2X more fat loss (5 pounds versus 2.8 pounds) than the diet supplying the RDA amount of protein.
  • The high protein (28% and 42%) diets caused 2X less muscle loss (2.1 pounds versus 4.2 pounds) than the diet supplying the RDA amount of protein.
  • In case you didn’t notice, there was no difference in overall results between the 28% (2X the RDA) and 42% (3X the RDA) diets.

Pros And Cons Of The Study:

  • The con is fairly obvious. The participants in this study were all young, healthy and were not seriously overweight. If this were the only study of this type one might seriously question whether the results were applicable to middle aged, overweight coach potatoes. However, there have been several other studies with older, more overweight volunteers that have come to the same conclusion – namely that high protein diets preserve muscle mass and enhance fat loss.
  • The value of this study is that it defines for the first time the upper limit for how much protein is required to preserve muscle mass in a weight loss regimen. 28% of calories is sufficient, and there appear to be no benefit from increasing protein further. I would add the caveat that there are studies suggesting that protein requirements for preserving muscle mass may be greater in adults 50 and older.

The Bottom Line:

1)    Forget the high fat diets, low fat diets, pills and potions. High protein diets (~2X the RDA or 28% of calories) do appear to be the safest, most effective way to preserve muscle mass and enhance fat loss in a weight loss regimen.

2)     That’s not a lot of protein, by the way. The average American consumes almost 2X the RDA for protein on a daily basis. However, it is significantly more protein than the average American consumes when they are trying to lose weight. Salads and carrot sticks are great diet foods, but they don’t contain much protein.

3)     Higher protein intake does not appear to offer any additional benefit – at least in young adults.

4)     Not all high protein diets are created equal. What some people call high protein diets are laden with saturated fats or devoid of carbohydrate. The diet in this study, which is what I recommend, had 43% healthy carbohydrates and 30% healthy fats.

5)    These diets were designed to give 7 pounds of weight loss in 21 days – which is what the experts recommend. There are diets out there promising faster weight loss but they severely restrict calories and/or rely heavily on stimulants, they do not preserve muscle mass, and they often are not safe. In addition they are usually temporary.  I do not recommend them.

6)    This level of protein intake is safe for almost everyone. The major exception would be people with kidney disease, who should always check with their doctor before increasing protein intake. The only other caveat is that protein metabolism creates a lot of nitrogenous waste, so you should drink plenty of water to flush that waste out of your system. But, water is always a good idea.

7)     The high protein diets minimized, but did not completely prevent, muscle loss. Other studies suggest that adding the amino acid leucine to a high protein diet can give 100% retention of muscle mass in a weight loss regimen – but that’s another story for another day.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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