Does Diet for Children with ADHD Matter?

Written by Dr. Steve Chaney on . Posted in ADHD Diet

Could A Healthy Diet Help Your Child?

Author: Dr. Stephen Chaney

 

diet for children with adhdDoes diet for children with ADHD matter?

The prevalence of ADHD appears to be skyrocketing. It increased by 42% in just 8 years between 2003 and 2011. Currently, 4.5 million children in the US are on ADHD medication, at a cost to taxpayers of $45 billion.

Unfortunately, ADHD medications come with serious side effects like loss of appetite and delayed growth, sleep disorders, nausea & stomach pains, headaches, moodiness and irritability. Even more worrisome is that many children say they “just don’t feel right” while they are on the drugs. Finally, there is the unintended message we are sending our children that drugs are the solution to their problems.

It is no wonder that millions of parents are looking for more natural solutions for their child’s ADHD. That is why recent headlines like “The Mediterranean Diet Could Help Children with ADHD” generate such interest.

In this issue of Health Tips From the Professor I have looked at the studies behind the headlines to answer your most pressing questions:

  • Would something as simple as the Mediterranean diet help my child control their ADHD symptoms?
  • Do they have to adhere to the Mediterranean diet, or would other healthy diets work just as well?

Answering these questions will tell us if diet for children with ADHD matters.

adhd dietHow Was The Study Designed?

The study behind the headlines (A Rios-Hernandez et al, Pediatrics DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2027) looked at 60 children and adolescents (ages 6-16) from southern Spain who were newly diagnosed with ADHD and compared them with 60 sex- and age-matched controls without ADHD from the same schools.

A food frequency questionnaire was administered by a trained interviewer and a scoring system called KIDMED was used to evaluate adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet. The study excluded children with more severe psychological problems and any children taking ADHD medications or nutritional supplements.

Does Diet for Children with ADHD Matter?

 

  • In a preliminary analysis of the data, the investigators discovered:
    • Breastfeeding was associated with decreased risk of ADHD.
    • Inactivity was associated with increased risk of ADHD.
    • Obesity was associated with increased risk of ADHD.

    child adhd dietOf course, the main point of the study was to investigate whether adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet influenced the risk of developing ADHD. The answer to this question was clear cut.

    • Adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet significantly reduced the risk of ADHD in both children and adolescents.

    So, clearly diet for children with ADHD does matter.

    Next, the investigators used the data obtained from the food frequency questionnaires to ask what components of a Mediterranean diet were most influential in reducing the risk of developing ADHD. These results were also very interesting:

    Dietary components that decreased the risk of ADHD included:

    • Consuming two or more servings of fruit every day (In Spain, the extra servings of fruit were primarily citrus, but presumably other fruits would be just as effective).
    • Consuming fresh or cooked vegetables more than once a day.
    • Consuming fatty fish on a regular basis (2-3 times a week).
    • Consuming grains or rice almost every day.
    • Starting the day with a healthy breakfast.

    Dietary components that increased the risk of ADHD included:

    • Eating at fast food restaurants more than once a week.
    • Skipping breakfast.
    • High consumption of soft drinks.
    • High consumption of candy and sugar.

    What Does This Mean For You?

    foods adhd dietThis study clearly showed that adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a significantly lower incidence of ADHD.

    Of course, this study was conducted in southern Spain where a healthy diet is the Mediterranean diet. The question for people in other parts of the world is whether other healthy diets would work just as well.

    Based on their detailed study of the effect of individual dietary components, it is reasonable to assume that any healthy diet that…

    …emphasized fresh fruits & vegetables, whole grains, omega-3-rich fish, and…

    …started the day with a healthy breakfast, and…

    …minimized (or eliminated) fast foods, sodas, candy & other sweets…

    …would reduce the risk of ADHD.

    Plus, this is an approach that has no side effects. Just side benefits.

    Finally, if you read the study carefully, it is clear a holistic approach is always best. For example:

    • Individual dietary components had small effects on ADHD symptoms.
    • When those individual components were combined into a healthy diet, a major reduction in ADHD symptoms was observed.
    • The study suggested that reduction in ADHD symptoms would be even greater with a healthy lifestyle that included regular exercise and weight control.
    • The authors stated that supplementation could also play a role in reducing ADHD symptoms. They felt the best evidence was for supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids and a multivitamin multimineral supplement.

We can certainly conclude that diet for children with ADHD matters.

 

The Bottom Line

 

A recent study in southern Spain has looked at the relationship between adherence to a healthy Mediterranean diet and the risk of developing ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents.

  • In a preliminary analysis of the data, the investigators discovered:
    • Breastfeeding was associated with decreased risk of ADHD.
    • Inactivity was associated with increased risk of ADHD.
    • Obesity was associated with increased risk of ADHD.
  • These factors were independent of adherence to a Mediterranean diet.
  • Adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet significantly reduced the risk of ADHD in both children and adolescents. This was the major finding of the study.
  • The dietary components in the study that decreased the risk of ADHD were:
    • Consuming two or more servings of fruit every day (In Spain, the extra servings of fruit were primarily citrus, but presumably other fruits would be just as effective).
    • Consuming fresh or cooked vegetables more than once a day.
    • Consuming fatty fish on a regular basis (2-3 times a week).
    • Consuming grains or rice almost every day.
    • Starting the day with a healthy breakfast.
  • The dietary components that increased the risk of ADHD were:
    • Eating at fast food restaurants more than once a week.
    • Skipping breakfast.
    • High consumption of soft drinks.
    • High consumption of candy and sugar.
  • Based on their detailed study of the effect of individual dietary components, it is reasonable to assume that any healthy diet that…
    • …emphasized fresh fruits & vegetables, whole grains, omega-3-rich fish, and…
    • …started the day with a healthy breakfast, and…
    • …minimized (or eliminated) fast foods, sodas, candy & other sweets……would reduce the risk of ADHD.
  • Plus, this is an approach that has no side effects. Just side benefits.
  • Finally, if you read the study carefully, it is clear a holistic approach is always best. That would include:
    • A healthy diet
    • regular exercise and weight control.
    • Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids and a multivitamin multimineral supplement.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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Latest Article

Relieve Hip Pain After Sitting or Driving

Posted June 20, 2017 by Dr. Steve Chaney

Relief is Just a Few Movements Away!

Author: Julie Donnelly, LMT – The Pain Relief Expert

Editor: Dr. Steve Chaney

 

relieve hip pain after sittingI’m on a long business trip, speaking and teaching in Tennessee and New York, and the drive from Sarasota, FL meant many hours of driving over several days.  One of my stops was to visit with Suzanne and Dr. Steve Chaney at their home in North Carolina.  It was that long drive that became the inspiration for this blog.

After all those hours of driving, my hip was really sore. It was painful to stand up. While talking to Suzanne and Dr. Chaney I was using my elbow to work on the sore area, and when we were discussing the blog for this month it only made sense to share this technique with you.  So, Dr. Chaney took pictures and I sat at his computer to write.  I thought others may want to how to relieve hip pain after sitting or driving for long periods.

What Causes Anterior Hip Pain?

As I’ve mentioned in posts in the past, sitting is the #1 cause of low back pain, and it also causes anterior hip pain (pain localized towards the front of the hip) because the muscles (psoas and iliacus) pass through the hip and insert into the tendons that then insert into the top of the thigh bone.  When hip pain reliefyou try to stand up, the tight muscle tendons will pull on your thigh bone.  The other thing that happens is the point where the muscle merges into the tendon will be very tight and tender to touch. You aren’t having pain at your hip or thigh bone, but at the muscular point where the muscle and tendon merge.

It’s a bit confusing to describe, but you’ll find it if you sit down and put your fingers onto the tip of your pelvis, then just slide your fingers down toward your thigh and out about 2”. The point is right along the crease where your leg meets your trunk.

The muscle you are treating is the Rectus Femoris, where it merges from the tendon into the muscle fibers.  Follow this link, thigh muscle, to see the muscle and it will be a bit easier to visualize.

You need to be pressing deeply into the muscle, like you’re trying to press the bone and the muscle just happens to be in the way.  Move your fingers around a bit and you’ll find it.

Easy Treatment for Anterior Hip Pain After Sitting

relieve hip painHere is an easy treatment for hip pain after sitting you can administer yourself.  First, sit as I am, with your leg out and slightly turned.

Find the tender point with your fingers and then put your elbow into it as shown.

It’s important to have your arm opened so the point of your elbow is on top of the spasm.  It’s a bit tricky, but if you move about a bit you’ll come on to it, and it will hurt.  Keep the pressure so it’s tolerable, not excruciating.

After you have worked on this point for a few minutes you can move to the second part of the treatment.

hip pain treatmentPut the heel of your “same-side” hand onto your thigh as close to the spasm as you can get.  Lift up your fingers so the pressure is only on the heel of your hand.  You can use your opposite hand to help give more pressure.

Press down hard and deeply slide down the muscle, going toward your knee.  You can also kneed it like you would kneed bread dough, really forcing the muscle fibers to relax.

I’m putting in a picture from a previous blog to explain how you can also treat this point of your rectus femoris by using a ball on the floor.

As shown in this picture, lie on the floor with the ball on your hip muscle, and then slightly turn your body toward the floor so the ball rolls toward the front of your body. You may need to move the ball down an inch or so to get to your Rectus Femoris.

When you feel the pain, you’re on the muscle.  Just stay there for a minute or so, and if you want you can move so the ball goes along the muscle fibers all the way to your knee.

pain free living book coverIt may be a challenge to find this point, but it’s well-worth the effort!

In my book, Treat Yourself to Pain Free Living, I teach how to treat all the muscles that cause pain from your head to your feet.

Wishing you well,

Julie Donnelly

julie donnelly

About The Author

Julie Donnelly is a Deep Muscle Massage Therapist with 20 years of experience specializing in the treatment of chronic joint pain and sports injuries. She has worked extensively with elite athletes and patients who have been unsuccessful at finding relief through the more conventional therapies.

She has been widely published, both on – and off – line, in magazines, newsletters, and newspapers around the country. She is also often chosen to speak at national conventions, medical schools, and health facilities nationwide.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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