Experts

 

Dr. Steve ChaneySteve Chaney, PhD

 


Dr. Steve Chaney received his BS degree in chemistry from Duke University and his PhD degree in biochemistry from UCLA.

His thesis professor, Dr. Paul Boyer, went on to win the Nobel Prize shortly after Steve left his lab. Dr. Chaney did his post graduate studies on the regulation of genetic information at the molecular level at Washington University in St. Louis.

He is currently Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina. At the time of his retirement he held the title of Distinguished Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and the Department of Nutrition at the University of North Carolina where he taught biochemistry and nutrition to first year medical and dental students for 40 years.

He has been named “Basic Science Teacher of the Year” several times by the first year medical students and was recognized with the Medical Alumni Distinguished Teaching Professorship for the period 2005 to 2009. He has been a member of UNC School of Medicine Academy of Educators since 2006, and in 2012 he was awarded the “Excellence in Teaching Lifetime Achievement Award” by the Academy of Educators.

Dr. Chaney also ran an active cancer research program for 37 years. He is internationally known for his cancer research. He helped develop a drug that represents a major advance in the treatment of colon cancer and was a featured speaker at 6 international symposia on platinum anticancer drugs.

Dr. Chaney has published over 100 papers and 12 reviews in peer-reviewed scientific journals as well as two chapters on nutrition for one of the leading biochemistry textbooks for medical students. He is also highly sought after as a speaker on the topic of holistic approaches to health.

 

 



Kai FusserKai Fusser, MS

Kai Fusser, M.S. was first introduced to the world of fitness when he was just six. His father made him a 5-pound dumbbell, fabricating it from materials at his workplace and wrapping it in electrical tape. Kai hasn’t stopped lifting weights and working out since.

But, to Kai, being physically fit is more than just working out and building muscle. It’s strengthening the muscles necessary to perform particular moves; and this is where Kai finds the marriage between fitness and golf a thing of beauty. Hitting a golf ball requires the intricate movement of muscles; and strengthening those muscles through specific exercises is a science Kai enjoys exploring … and the successes he has experienced have been great.

Kai has helped Hall of Fame golfers reach new heights, has helped turn average golfers into championship golfers, and continues to help golfers of all abilities – male and female – add power, distance, and control to their games. In fact, one of Kai’s most famous pupils – Annika Sorenstam – was looking to add to her incredible arsenal.

Annika had already established herself as the top female golfer in the world. But she wanted more distance, and more control. After meeting Kai at a local YMCA, she was convinced his methodology was the right system to follow. Less than 6-months later, Annika had gained more than 20-yards with her driver, and improved her accuracy. The result? In 2002, Annika put together one of the greatest seasons in the history of golf, winning 13 tournaments. In 2003, she played against the men at Colonial and had no problem keeping up with them.

Overall, golfers who have worked with Kai, including, Graeme McDowell, Jonas Blixt, Anna Nordqvist, Karen Stupples and Batrice Recari, have won more than a dozen majors and over 100 tournaments worldwide. And, Kai has helped professional and amateur athletes in other sports as well. In fact, water skiers and wake boarders whom Kai has worked with have also won more than 100 championships including several in the X-Games and Gravity-Games. Former NBA All-Star Grant Hill and 1998 Indianapolis 500 Champion Eddie Cheever also turned to Kai for fitness.

Today, Kai runs the golf fitness program at the Annika Academy ™ and helps all golfers improve their game without ever placing a golf club in their hands. He does it through a fitness routine that is proven and tested to work. Featured in such publications as Golf Digest, Golf Magazine, the USA Today, Golf Fitness Magazine, and more. Kai’s philosophy is “efficiency through perfect movement” … and in the golf swing, this means, it’s the sum of all muscles in our body working together at the right time, and the right volume. This ensures great efficiency as the loads on the body are distributed throughout the whole system, every muscle does its part, and they all help each other.

 



Julie DonnellyJulie Donnelly

Julie Donnelly is a Deep Muscle Massage Therapist with 20 years of experience specializing in the treatment of chronic joint pain and sports injuries. She has worked extensively with elite athletes and patients who have been unsuccessful at finding relief through the more conventional therapies.

She has been widely published, both on – and off – line, in magazines, newsletters, and newspapers around the country. She is also often chosen to speak at national conventions, medical schools, and health facilities nationwide.

Her training began as a massage therapist, licensed in the State of New York where the initial requirement was 650 hours of classroom study in topics such as Anatomy & Physiology, Kinesiology, Pathology of Muscles, Medical Massage, and Eastern Theory. She spent hundreds of hours focusing on an understanding of why muscles cause pain that may be far removed from the actual source of the problem, and why conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome exist.

She has also received advanced training from a doctor of osteopathy, a physical therapist, a therapeutic massage therapist and from other professionals involved with just about every form of muscular training. This diverse exposure widened the scope of her practice far beyond spa massage and was the solid foundation of everything she does now. Unlike relaxing massage which has its own benefits, her work focuses on the deep muscles that hold joints bound, preventing full range-of-motion and causing chronic joint pain.

In 1989 she began working with individuals who were suffering from chronic joint pain and sports injuries. She quickly began working with serious athletes, many of them endurance athletes that compete in races with such grueling events as the Century Marathons (actually running 100 miles!), the Race Across America (RAAM) where an athlete cycles from San Diego to Atlantic City, NJ in just 8 days, and Ironman Triathlons which combine 2 ½ miles swimming, 112 miles cycling and then finishing off with 26.2 miles running.

From her work with endurance athletes, serious local athletes, and people who were suffering from a wide assortment of chronic joint pains, the Julstro techniques of self-treatment developed. Expanding her teaching with the addition of the self-treatment concept really separates her from the majority of her peers. She found that as she began to teach people how to help-themselves they could continue their therapy outside of their session with her.

In 1993 she opened her first Julstro Muscular Therapy Center. Her message to her clients is this: “When you come to visit me, I’ll work on your muscles, release the knots that are holding the muscles short and putting pressure on your nerves and joints, and then I’ll teach YOU how to do simple treatments that will help you when you are at home. That is my promise to you!”

But if you cannot travel, she has made her self-treatment techniques available worldwide by way of http://www.julstro.com where you will find information on the Julstro™ Self–Treatment System. You may also be interested in her series of Pain–Free Books which share the Julstro™ techniques in a clear, concise manner.

Finally, if you would like to receive an informative newsletter about how to prevent or reverse the aches and pains related to sciatica, low back syndrome, shoulder–hip–knee pain, or any other repetitive strain injury, you can subscribe now at http://www.julstro.com.

 



Dr Pierre DuboisPierre-Yves Duboi MD

 


Dr. Pierre-Yves Dubois is a Swiss Physician, and a former martial artist brings a new holistic health concept to his practice and was named an “America’s Top Chiropractor 2009”.

• The Durham chiropractor explains that In Switzerland, chiropractic is a medical profession regulated on the same federal level as medical doctors, veterinarians, dentists and pharmacists.

• As every Swiss chiropractor he undergoes six years of undergraduate basic studies followed by a minimum of two years of post graduate program regulated by the Swiss Medical Law MedBG/LPmed.

 


 

Recent Videos From Dr. Steve Chaney

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Latest Article

Is Coconut Oil Bad For You?

Posted July 25, 2017 by Dr. Steve Chaney

Nutty About Coconut Oil

Author: Dr. Stephen Chaney

is coconut oil bad for youCoconut oil is the latest miracle food. Bloggers and talk show hosts are telling us how healthy it is. We are being told to cook with it, spread it on our toast, and put it in our smoothies. We are told to be creative. The more coconut oil you can get in your diet, the better.  But, is coconut oil bad for you?

The hype is working. 72% of the American public believes coconut oil is healthy. This is why the recent American Heart Association (AHA) Presidential Advisory on saturated fats has proven so controversial.

Interestingly, most of the AHA advisory was about the linkage between saturated fats from meat & dairy and heart disease risk. Only one paragraph of the 24-page report was devoted to coconut oil, but the AHA recommendation to avoid coconut oil generated the lion’s share of headlines.

What Did The AHA Presidential Advisory Say?

The AHA advisory concluded that saturated fats from meat and dairy foods increased the risk of heart disease. This conclusion was based on randomized clinical trials in which the diet was carefully controlled for a period of at least two years. More importantly, the conclusion was not based on LDL cholesterol, particle size, HDL cholesterol, inflammation or any other potential marker of heart disease risk. It was based on actual cardiovascular outcomes – heart attacks, strokes, deaths due to heart disease.

I have reviewed the AHA report in a previous issue of “Health Tips From the Professor,” Are Saturated Fats Bad For You, and have concluded their statement that saturated fats from meat and dairy increase the risk of heart disease was based on solid evidence. We can now say definitively that those saturated fats should be minimized in our diets.

 

Is Coconut Oil Bad For You?

 

coconut oil bad for heartIn contrast to the saturated fats in meat and dairy, there have been no studies looking at the effect of coconut oil on cardiovascular outcomes. Instead, the authors of the AHA report relied on studies measuring the effect of coconut oil on LDL cholesterol levels. There have been 7 controlled trials in which coconut oil was compared with monounsaturated or polyunsaturated oils.

  • Coconut oil raised LDL cholesterol in all 7 studies.
  • The increase in LDL cholesterol in these studies was identical to that seen with butter, beef fat, or palm oil.

This evidence makes it probable that coconut oil increases the risk of heart disease. However, LDL is not a perfect predictor of heart disease risk. The only way to definitively prove that coconut oil increases the risk of heart disease would be to conduct clinical studies in which:

  • Coconut oil was substituted for other fats in the diet.
  • All other dietary components were kept the same.
  • The study lasted at least 2 years.
  • Adherence to the “coconut oil diet” was monitored.
  • Cardiovascular outcomes were measured (heart attack, stroke, death from heart disease).

In short, one would need the same type of study that supports the AHA warning about saturated fats from meats and dairy. In the absence of this kind of study, there is no “smoking gun.” We cannot definitively say that coconut oil increases the risk of heart disease.

Is Coconut Oil Healthy?

coconut oil healthyDoes that mean all those people who have been claiming coconut oil is a health food are right? Probably not. At the very least, their health claims are grossly overstated.

Let’s start with the obvious. In the absence of any long-term studies on the effect of coconut oil on cardiovascular outcomes, nobody can claim that coconut oil is heart healthy. It might be, but it might also be just as bad for you as the saturated fats from meat and dairy. It’s effect on LDL cholesterol suggests it might increase your risk of heart disease, but we simply do not know for certain.

I taught human metabolism to medical students for 40 years. I was also a research scientist who published in peer reviewed journals. When I look at the health claims for coconut oil on the internet, I am dismayed. Many of the claims are complete nonsense. Others sound plausible, but are based on an incomplete understanding of human metabolism. None of them would pass peer review, but, of course, there is no peer review on the internet.

In addition, some of the claims have been “cherry picked” from the literature. For example, claims that coconut oil increases metabolic rate or aids weight loss are based on short-term studies and ignore long-term studies showing those effects disappear over time.

Let me review some of the more plausible-sounding claims for coconut oil.

  • Coconut oil increases HDL levels, which is heart healthy. The effects of HDL cholesterol are complex. Elevated HDL levels are not always heart protective.

For example, a few years ago a pharmaceutical company developed a drug that raised HDL levels. They thought they had a blockbuster drug. You didn’t need to exercise. You didn’t need to lose weight. You would just pop their pill and your HDL levels would go up. There was only one problem. When they did the clinical studies, their drug had absolutely no effect on heart disease risk. It turns out it is exercise and weight loss that reduce heart disease risk, not the increase in HDL associated with exercise and weight loss.

The implications are profound. Just because something increases HDL levels does not mean it will reduce cardiovascular risk. You have to actually measure cardiovascular risk before claiming something is heart healthy. That has not been done for coconut oil, so no one can claim it is heart healthy.

  • Coconut oil consists of medium chain triglycerides, which are absorbed more readily than other fats. That is true, but it is of interest to you only if you suffer from a fat malabsorption disease. Otherwise, it is of little importance to you.
  • Medium chain triglycerides are preferentially transported to the liver, where the fats in coconut oil are converted to energy or released as ketones rather than being stored as fat. This is partially true, but it is misleading for two reasons.
    • First, the fat in coconut oil actually has three possible fates in the liver. Some of it will be converted to energy, but only enough to meet the immediate energy needs of the liver. If carbohydrate is limiting, the excess will be converted to ketones and exported to other tissues as an energy source. If carbohydrate is plentiful, the excess will be converted to long chain saturated fats identical to those found in meat and dairy and exported to other tissues for storage.
    • Secondly, nobody has repealed the laws of thermodynamics. If the fat in coconut oil is being preferentially used as an energy source by the liver and being exported as ketones to other tissues as an energy source, you need to ask what happens to the calories from the other components in your diet. If you are eating a typical American diet, the carbohydrate that would have been used for energy will be converted to fat and stored. If you are eating a low carbohydrate diet, the other fats that would have been used for energy will simply be stored. Simply put, if you are preferentially using the calories from coconut oil for energy, the calories from the other foods in your diet don’t just evaporate. They are stored as fat.
  • Coconut oil increases metabolic rate, which will help you lose weight. When you look at the studies, this is only a temporary effect. This is due to a phenomenon called metabolic adaptation that is often seen when one makes a dramatic shift in diet composition. Initially, you may see an increase in metabolic rate and weight loss. After a few weeks, the body adapts to the new diet,and your metabolic rate returns to normal.
  • Coconut oil is metabolized to ketones which have many beneficial effects. There is some truth to this claim. As I discussed in my analysis of the keto diet,  ketones have some real benefits, but not nearly as many as proponents claim. Furthermore, the amount of ketones produced by coconut oil will depend on the availability of carbohydrate. Much of the coconut oil in the context of a very low carbohydrate diet will likely be converted to ketones. Coconut oil spread on a piece of bread or used in baking is more likely going to be converted to fat.

I could go on, but you get the point. The hype about the benefits of coconut oil sounds good, but is misleading. There may be some benefits, but in the absence of long-term studies we have no convincing evidence that coconut oil is good for us.

What Does This Mean For You?

coconut oil bad or goodWhen you started reading this article, you were probably hoping that I would settle the coconut oil controversy. Perhaps you were hoping that I would tell you the American Heart Association was right, and you should avoid coconut oil completely. More likely you were hoping I would tell you the coconut oil proponents were right and you could continue looking for more ways to incorporate coconut oil into your diet. As usual, the truth is somewhere in between.

Coconut oil may increase our heart disease risk, but the evidence is not definitive. We cannot say with certainty that coconut oil is bad for us. On the other hand, most of the hype about the benefits of coconut oil is inaccurate or misleading. We have no well-designed, long-term studies on health outcomes from coconut oil use. We cannot say with certainty that coconut oil is good for us.

I recommend moderation. Small amounts of coconut oil are probably alright. If you have a particular recipe for which coconut oil gives the perfect flavor, go ahead and use it. Just don’t add it to everything you eat.

Finally, there are other oils we know to be healthy that you can use in place of coconut oil. If you are looking for monounsaturated oils, olive oil and avocado oil are your best bets. Olive oil can be used in salads and low temperature cooking. Avocado oil is better for high temperature cooking. Also, less frequently mentioned, safflower and sunflower oils are also good sources of monounsaturated fats.

If you are looking for a mixture of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, safflower oil, canola oil and peanut oil are your best bets. Peanut oil is also good for high temperature cooking.

Corn oil and soybean oil are your best sources of omega-6 polyunsaturated fats, while flaxseed oil is your best vegetable source of omega-3 polyunsaturated fats.

 

The Bottom Line

 

  • Coconut oil is the latest diet fad. It is highly promoted by the popular press, and 72% of Americans think it is healthy, even though it is a saturated fat.
  • The American Heart Association (AHA) has recently advised against the use of coconut oil because it likely increases the risk of heart disease and “has no offsetting beneficial effects.”  Because this statement is controversial, I have carefully analyzed the pros and cons of coconut oil use.
  • Coconut oil may increase our heart disease risk, but the evidence presented by the American Heart Association is not definitive. We cannot say with certainty that coconut oil is bad for us.
  • On the other hand, most of the hype about the benefits of coconut oil is inaccurate or misleading. We have no well-designed, long-term studies on health outcomes from coconut oil use. We cannot say with certainty that coconut oil is good for us.
  • I recommend moderation. Small amounts of coconut oil are probably alright. If you have a particular recipe for which coconut oil gives the perfect flavor, go ahead and use it. Just don’t add it to everything you eat.
  • For details of my analysis and suggestions for healthy fats you can substitute for coconut oil, read the article above.

 

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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