Experts

 

Dr. Steve ChaneySteve Chaney, PhD

 


Dr. Steve Chaney received his BS degree in chemistry from Duke University and his PhD degree in biochemistry from UCLA.

His thesis professor, Dr. Paul Boyer, went on to win the Nobel Prize shortly after Steve left his lab. Dr. Chaney did his post graduate studies on the regulation of genetic information at the molecular level at Washington University in St. Louis.

He is currently Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina. At the time of his retirement he held the title of Distinguished Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and the Department of Nutrition at the University of North Carolina where he taught biochemistry and nutrition to first year medical and dental students for 40 years.

He has been named “Basic Science Teacher of the Year” several times by the first year medical students and was recognized with the Medical Alumni Distinguished Teaching Professorship for the period 2005 to 2009. He has been a member of UNC School of Medicine Academy of Educators since 2006, and in 2012 he was awarded the “Excellence in Teaching Lifetime Achievement Award” by the Academy of Educators.

Dr. Chaney also ran an active cancer research program for 37 years. He is internationally known for his cancer research. He helped develop a drug that represents a major advance in the treatment of colon cancer and was a featured speaker at 6 international symposia on platinum anticancer drugs.

Dr. Chaney has published over 100 papers and 12 reviews in peer-reviewed scientific journals as well as two chapters on nutrition for one of the leading biochemistry textbooks for medical students. He is also highly sought after as a speaker on the topic of holistic approaches to health.

 

 



Kai FusserKai Fusser, MS

Kai Fusser, M.S. was first introduced to the world of fitness when he was just six. His father made him a 5-pound dumbbell, fabricating it from materials at his workplace and wrapping it in electrical tape. Kai hasn’t stopped lifting weights and working out since.

But, to Kai, being physically fit is more than just working out and building muscle. It’s strengthening the muscles necessary to perform particular moves; and this is where Kai finds the marriage between fitness and golf a thing of beauty. Hitting a golf ball requires the intricate movement of muscles; and strengthening those muscles through specific exercises is a science Kai enjoys exploring … and the successes he has experienced have been great.

Kai has helped Hall of Fame golfers reach new heights, has helped turn average golfers into championship golfers, and continues to help golfers of all abilities – male and female – add power, distance, and control to their games. In fact, one of Kai’s most famous pupils – Annika Sorenstam – was looking to add to her incredible arsenal.

Annika had already established herself as the top female golfer in the world. But she wanted more distance, and more control. After meeting Kai at a local YMCA, she was convinced his methodology was the right system to follow. Less than 6-months later, Annika had gained more than 20-yards with her driver, and improved her accuracy. The result? In 2002, Annika put together one of the greatest seasons in the history of golf, winning 13 tournaments. In 2003, she played against the men at Colonial and had no problem keeping up with them.

Overall, golfers who have worked with Kai, including, Graeme McDowell, Jonas Blixt, Anna Nordqvist, Karen Stupples and Batrice Recari, have won more than a dozen majors and over 100 tournaments worldwide. And, Kai has helped professional and amateur athletes in other sports as well. In fact, water skiers and wake boarders whom Kai has worked with have also won more than 100 championships including several in the X-Games and Gravity-Games. Former NBA All-Star Grant Hill and 1998 Indianapolis 500 Champion Eddie Cheever also turned to Kai for fitness.

Today, Kai runs the golf fitness program at the Annika Academy ™ and helps all golfers improve their game without ever placing a golf club in their hands. He does it through a fitness routine that is proven and tested to work. Featured in such publications as Golf Digest, Golf Magazine, the USA Today, Golf Fitness Magazine, and more. Kai’s philosophy is “efficiency through perfect movement” … and in the golf swing, this means, it’s the sum of all muscles in our body working together at the right time, and the right volume. This ensures great efficiency as the loads on the body are distributed throughout the whole system, every muscle does its part, and they all help each other.

 



Julie DonnellyJulie Donnelly

Julie Donnelly is a Deep Muscle Massage Therapist with 20 years of experience specializing in the treatment of chronic joint pain and sports injuries. She has worked extensively with elite athletes and patients who have been unsuccessful at finding relief through the more conventional therapies.

She has been widely published, both on – and off – line, in magazines, newsletters, and newspapers around the country. She is also often chosen to speak at national conventions, medical schools, and health facilities nationwide.

Her training began as a massage therapist, licensed in the State of New York where the initial requirement was 650 hours of classroom study in topics such as Anatomy & Physiology, Kinesiology, Pathology of Muscles, Medical Massage, and Eastern Theory. She spent hundreds of hours focusing on an understanding of why muscles cause pain that may be far removed from the actual source of the problem, and why conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome exist.

She has also received advanced training from a doctor of osteopathy, a physical therapist, a therapeutic massage therapist and from other professionals involved with just about every form of muscular training. This diverse exposure widened the scope of her practice far beyond spa massage and was the solid foundation of everything she does now. Unlike relaxing massage which has its own benefits, her work focuses on the deep muscles that hold joints bound, preventing full range-of-motion and causing chronic joint pain.

In 1989 she began working with individuals who were suffering from chronic joint pain and sports injuries. She quickly began working with serious athletes, many of them endurance athletes that compete in races with such grueling events as the Century Marathons (actually running 100 miles!), the Race Across America (RAAM) where an athlete cycles from San Diego to Atlantic City, NJ in just 8 days, and Ironman Triathlons which combine 2 ½ miles swimming, 112 miles cycling and then finishing off with 26.2 miles running.

From her work with endurance athletes, serious local athletes, and people who were suffering from a wide assortment of chronic joint pains, the Julstro techniques of self-treatment developed. Expanding her teaching with the addition of the self-treatment concept really separates her from the majority of her peers. She found that as she began to teach people how to help-themselves they could continue their therapy outside of their session with her.

In 1993 she opened her first Julstro Muscular Therapy Center. Her message to her clients is this: “When you come to visit me, I’ll work on your muscles, release the knots that are holding the muscles short and putting pressure on your nerves and joints, and then I’ll teach YOU how to do simple treatments that will help you when you are at home. That is my promise to you!”

But if you cannot travel, she has made her self-treatment techniques available worldwide by way of http://www.julstro.com where you will find information on the Julstro™ Self–Treatment System. You may also be interested in her series of Pain–Free Books which share the Julstro™ techniques in a clear, concise manner.

Finally, if you would like to receive an informative newsletter about how to prevent or reverse the aches and pains related to sciatica, low back syndrome, shoulder–hip–knee pain, or any other repetitive strain injury, you can subscribe now at http://www.julstro.com.

 



Dr Pierre DuboisPierre-Yves Duboi MD

 


Dr. Pierre-Yves Dubois is a Swiss Physician, and a former martial artist brings a new holistic health concept to his practice and was named an “America’s Top Chiropractor 2009”.

• The Durham chiropractor explains that In Switzerland, chiropractic is a medical profession regulated on the same federal level as medical doctors, veterinarians, dentists and pharmacists.

• As every Swiss chiropractor he undergoes six years of undergraduate basic studies followed by a minimum of two years of post graduate program regulated by the Swiss Medical Law MedBG/LPmed.

 


 

Recent Videos From Dr. Steve Chaney

READ THE ARTICLE
READ THE ARTICLE

Latest Article

Is Our Microbiome Affected By Exercise?

Posted November 6, 2018 by Dr. Steve Chaney

Microbiome Mysteries

Author: Dr. Stephen Chaney

is our microbiome affected by exerciseIn a recent post,  What is Your Microbiome and Why is it Important,  of “Health Tips From The Professor” I outlined how our microbiome, especially the bacteria that reside in our intestine, influences our health. That influence can be either good or bad depending on which species of bacteria populate our gut. I also discussed how the species of bacteria that populate our gut are influenced by what we eat and, in turn, influence how the foods we eat are metabolized.

I shared that there is an association between obesity and the species of bacteria that inhabit our gut. At present, this is a “chicken and egg” conundrum. We don’t know whether obesity influences the species of bacteria that inhabit our gut, or whether certain species of gut bacteria cause us to become obese.

Previous studies have shown that there is also an association between exercise and the species of bacteria that inhabit our gut. In particular, exercise is associated with an increase in bacteria that metabolize fiber in our diets to short chain fatty acids such as butyrate. That is potentially important because butyrate is a primary food source for intestinal mucosal cells (the cells that line the intestine). Butyrate helps those cells maintain the integrity of the gut barrier (which helps prevent things like leaky gut syndrome). It also has an anti-inflammatory effect on the immune cells that reside in the gut.

However, associations don’t prove cause and effect. We don’t know whether the differences in gut bacteria were caused by differences in diet or leanness in populations who exercised regularly and those who did not. This is what the present study (JM Allen et al, Medicine & Science In Sports & Exercise, 50: 747-757, 2018 ) was designed to clarify.  Is our microbiome affected by exercise?

 

How Was The Study Designed?

is our microbiome affected by exercise studyThis study was performed at the University of Illinois. Thirty-two previously sedentary subjects (average age = 28) were recruited for the study. Twenty of them were women and 12 were men. Prior to starting the study, the participants filled out a 7-day dietary record. They were asked to follow the same diet throughout the 12-week study. In addition, a dietitian designed a 3-day food menu based on their 7-day recall for the participants to follow prior to each fecal collection to determine species of gut bacteria.

The study included a two-week baseline when their baseline gut bacteria population was measured, and participants were tested for fitness. This was followed by a 6-week exercise intervention consisting of three supervised 30 to 60-minute moderate to vigorous exercise sessions per week. The exercise was adapted to the participant’s initial fitness level, and both the intensity and duration of exercise increased over the 6-week exercise intervention. Following the exercise intervention, all participants were instructed to maintain their diet and refrain from exercise for another 6 weeks. This was referred to as the “washout period.”

VO2max (a measure of fitness) was determined at baseline and at the end of the exercise intervention. Stool samples for determination of gut bacteria and concentrations of short-chain fatty acids were taken at baseline, at the end of the exercise intervention, and again after the washout period.

In short, this study divided participants into lean and obese categories and held diet constant. The only variable was the exercise component.

 

Is Our Microbiome Affected By Exercise?

is our microbiome affected by exercise fitnessThe results of the study were as follows:

  • Fitness, as assessed by VO2max, increased for all the participants, and the increase in fitness was comparable for both lean and obese subjects.
  • Exercise induced a change in the population of gut bacteria, and the change was comparable in lean and obese subjects.
  • Exercise increased fecal concentrations of butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids in the lean subjects, but not in obese subjects.
  • The exercise-induced changes in gut bacteria and short-chain fatty acid production were largely reversed once exercise training ceased.

The authors concluded: “These findings suggest that exercise training induces compositional and functional changes in the human gut microbiota that are dependent on obesity status, independent of diet, and contingent on the sustainment of exercise.” [Note: To be clear, the exercise-induced changes in both gut bacteria and short-chain fatty acid production were independent of diet and contingent on the sustainment of exercise. However, only the production of short-chain fatty acids was dependent on obesity status.]

 

What Does This Study Mean For You?

is our microbiome affected by exercise gut bacteriaThere are two important take home lessons from this study.

  • With respect to our gut bacteria, I have consistently told you that microbiome research is an emerging science. This is a small study, so you should regard it as the beginning of our understanding of the effect of exercise on our microbiome rather than conclusive by itself. It is consistent with previous studies showing an association between exercise and a potentially beneficial shift in the population of gut bacteria.

The strength of the study is that it shows that exercise-induced changes in beneficial gut bacteria are probably independent of diet. However, it is the first study to look at the interaction between obesity, exercise and gut bacteria, so I would interpret those results with caution until they have been replicated in subsequent studies.

  • With respect to exercise, this may be yet another reason to add regular physical activity to your healthy lifestyle program. We already know that exercise is important for cardiovascular health. We also know that exercise increases lean muscle mass which increases metabolic rate and helps prevent obesity. There is also excellent evidence that exercise improves mood and helps prevent cognitive decline as we age.

Exercise is also associated with decreased risk of colon cancer and irritable bowel disease. This effect of exercise has not received much attention because the mechanism of this effect is unclear. This study shows that exercise increases the fecal concentrations of butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids. Perhaps, this provides the mechanism for the interaction between exercise and intestinal health.

 

The Bottom Line

A recent study has reported that:

  • Exercise induces a change in the population of gut bacteria, and the change was comparable in lean and obese subjects.
  • Exercise causes an increase in the number of gut bacteria that produce butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids that are beneficial for gut health.
  • These effects are independent of diet, but do not appear to be independent of obesity because they were seen in lean subjects but not in obese subjects.
  • The exercise-induced changes in gut bacteria and short-chain fatty acid production are largely reversed once exercise training ceases.

The authors concluded: “These findings suggest that exercise training induces compositional and functional changes in the human gut microbiota that are dependent on obesity status, independent on diet, and contingent on the sustainment of exercise.”

For more details and my interpretation of the data, read the article above.

 

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

UA-43257393-1