Are MultiVitamins a Waste of Money?

Written by Dr. Steve Chaney on . Posted in Nutritiion

The Multivitamin Controversy You Never Heard About

Author: Dr. Stephen Chaney

money-waste Are multivitamins a waste of money?  You probably saw the recent headlines telling you that “the experts” have concluded that multivitamins are a waste of money. The article (Gualler et al., Annals of Internal Medicine, 159: 850-851, 2013) that generated all of the headlines was an editorial, which means it was an opinion piece, not a scientific study. It represented the opinion of five very prominent doctors, but it was, at the end of the day, just their opinion.

At the time I pointed out fallacies of their arguments in a “Health Tips From the Professor” article (MultiVitamins-Waste Money?). But, what do I know? I have only published 114 papers in peer reviewed journals and two book chapters on nutrition.

It turns out that I’m not the only expert who feels this way. Five very prominent experts recently published rebuttals concluding that the authors of the original editorial ignored “decades of nutrition research and diet monitoring of the U.S. population to reach this misleading conclusion” (Frei et al, Annals of Internal Medicine, 160: 807-809, 2014).

Who Are These Experts?

Before I share what these experts said, I should probably share their qualifications:

Balz Frei, PhD

  • Distinguished Professor of Biochemistry & Biophysics & Director of the Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University
  • 203 publications

Bruce N. Ames, PhD

  • Director of the Nutrition & Metabolism Center, Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute
  • 540 publications

Jeffrey B. Blumberg, PhD

  • Professor, Freidman School of Nutrition Science and Policy and Director of the Antioxidants Research Laboratory at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University
  • >300 publications

Walter C. Willet, MD, DrPH

  • Chair of the Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health
  • 1,422 publications

Thomas R. Friberg, MD, MS

  • Professor of Ophthamology and Director of the Medical & Surgical Retinal Division of the University of Pittsburg School of Medicine
  • Principle investigator for the AREDS and AREDS II clinical studies.
  • 134 publications

As you can see, these are not just your run of the mill scientists. They are the top experts in the field.


Are You Wasting Your Money On Multivitamins?

Are multivitamins a waste of money?   What did these experts say?

  1. They started by pointing out that few people in the United States follow the USDA dietary guidelines, and “consequently, most people in the United States even in cities like Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill are not well nourished”. Specifically:
  • 93% of U.S. adults don’t get enough vitamins D & E from their diet.
  • 71% of U.S. adults don’t get enough vitamin K from their diet.
  • 61% of U.S. adults don’t get enough magnesium from their diet.
  • 50% of U.S. adults don’t get enough calcium and vitamin A from their diet.
  1. They also pointed out that adequate intake of micronutrients is essential for normal body function and to support good health. Specifically:
  • Vitamins A, D, iron and zinc are required for normal immune function
  • Folic acid is required for neurological development. For example, “A multivitamin supplying folic acid dramatically decreases the risk of neural tube defects and is recommended for women of childbearing age.”
  • The AREDS and AREDS II studies have established the value of supplementation in preventing vision loss due to age-related macular degeneration.
  1. They pointed out that largest (15,000 male physicians) and longest (13 years) randomized, placebo controlled trial of a multivitamin (the Physician’s Health Study II) showed a:
  • 8% reduction in cancer incidence and a 12% reduction in cancer deaths
  • 9% reduction in cataract formation
  1. Finally, they pointed out that the claims that supplement use might actually increase mortality were overemphasized. Specifically:
  • The claims that high dose vitamin E increase mortality have been refuted by subsequent studies. I have discussed that in detail in my eBook, “The Myths of the Naysayers” (available for free to all subscribers of “Health Tips From the Professor”).
  • Only 1.1% of the U.S. population consumes more than the recommended upper limit for vitamin A (10,000 IU/day).
  • The only warning that actually holds up is that smokers should avoid high dose beta-carotene.
  • More importantly, all of those concerns involved high dose individual supplements. There is no evidence for any risk from taking a daily multivitamin.

In summary, the experts concluded: “Taking a daily multivitamin and mineral supplement not only helps fill known nutritional gaps in the diet of most persons in the United States (thereby ensuring normal body function and supporting good health), but may have the added benefit of helping to reduce the risk for chronic disease.”


The Bottom Line

1)     Are multivitamins are a waste of money?  No.  That was simply the opinion of one group of experts. Other experts have come to the exact opposite conclusion.

2)     Of course, it was only the negative opinion that made the headlines. Somehow the opinion that multivitamins are valuable for most Americans never got the attention of the press.

3)     According to the experts mentioned in this article, multivitamins play an important role in filling well documented nutrition gaps in the U.S. population, assuring normal body function and helping preserve good health. There is evidence that they may have a modest role in reducing the risk for chronic diseases, and there is no evidence that multivitamin supplements increase the risk of mortality.

4)     Of course, you shouldn’t expect miracles from your multivitamin. It’s not going to help you leap tall buildings in a single bound. Your multivitamin should just be one small part of your holistic health program of diet, exercise, weight control and supplementation.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.


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Comments (7)




    Ruth Bieber


    • Dr. Steve Chaney


      Dear Ruth,

      You are absolutely correct. I did correct that sentence in this post, but it slipped past me in the email you received. Sorry.

      Dr. Chaney


  • sharry zacharia


    Like to know waht brand of Vitamins are good source.


    • Dr. Steve Chaney


      Dear Sharry,

      I personally use Shaklee vitamins because of their scientific integrity and quality controls. If you were forwarded my newsletter from a Shaklee representative, I recommend that you contact them for more information. If not, I will be happy to recommend soneone who will give you good service.

      Dr. Chaney


  • chelia mcfowler


    I am glad that this issue refuted the past statements about supplements. If they really look at it it is impossible to eat all the nutrients in a meal, that’s why it call a supplement. Thank you doctir.


  • Celeste Edwards


    Where can I find a copy of “The Myth of the Naysayers”, Part 1.
    Thank You
    PS I love your very informative emails.


    • Dr. Steve Chaney


      Dear Celeste,

      It will be coming late this year.

      Dr. Chaney


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epsom salt bath for sore musclesAn Epsom Salt bath for sore muscles is an old remedy that until recently has been overlooked by modern medicine. For hundreds of years people have used Epsom salt baths for relieving sore muscles, healing cuts, drawing out inflammation, and treating colds.  To many people this has long been a miracle cure, the first “go-to” for pain relief. Research has proven why Epsom Salt works so well, and how to use it so you benefit the most.

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Massage will also force toxins out of your muscles and improve circulation.  Epsom Salt baths are beneficial after a massage because it will remove the toxins out of the body. In the past I had heard that a 15-minute bath was sufficient, but that has changed.  Recently I read an article that explained it takes 40 minutes of soaking to make the transfer complete. Toxins are drawn out and magnesium enters into the body

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pain free living book coverBefore relaxing in your Epsom salt bath, do the techniques demonstrated in my book, “Treat Yourself to Pain-Free Living” to release the spasms that are causing joint and muscle pain.

As you untie the “knots,” you are releasing toxins into your blood stream and lymphatic system.  A relaxing, 40-minute soak in a tub of comfortably hot water and 2 cups of Epsom Salt will eliminate the toxins from your body.

Life is more stressful than ever before, and you deserve a relaxing break.  Massage and Epsom Salt baths are the perfect beginning to a restful night’s sleep!  Plus, the benefits of both massage and Epsom Salt will improve your health and vitality.

Wishing you well,

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About The Author

julie donnelly

Julie Donnelly is a Deep Muscle Massage Therapist with 20 years of experience specializing in the treatment of chronic joint pain and sports injuries. She has worked extensively with elite athletes and patients who have been unsuccessful at finding relief through the more conventional therapies.

She has been widely published, both on – and off – line, in magazines, newsletters, and newspapers around the country. She is also often chosen to speak at national conventions, medical schools, and health facilities nationwide.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.